Contrary to its name, the simple past tense can be quite confusing. passé (not comparable) passé (dated, out of style, old-fashioned) Synonyms: miniony, przebrzmiały, niemodny; Declension . Jump to navigation Jump to search. A simple explanation of "Conjugate avoir in Le Passé Simple". Learn more about Lingolia Plus here For example, il courut (he ran) is from courir, for which the past participle is couru. However, the passé simple is a literary tense and is thus limited to formal writing, such as literature, journalism, and historical accounts. The passé simple (French pronunciation: ​[pase sɛ̃pl], simple past, preterite, or past historic), also called the passé défini (IPA: [pase defini], definite past), is the literary equivalent of the passé composé in the French language, used predominantly in formal writing (including history and literature) and formal speech. The passé simple or simple past in English takes the place of the Passé Composé in literature. 1.1 Etymology; 1.2 Pronunciation; 1.3 Noun; French passé simple on French … This free website is created with love and a great deal of work. The passé simple is often regarded as interchangeable in Modern French with the passé composé, which also designates a completed past action whose duration is well-defined. However, that does not mean it’s not essential: it’s used in all written stories, even children’s books. “Most French college students don’t know how to use the passé simple properly”, he went on. The passé simple will generally be translated into English by a preterit, that is, the simple past: 'I talked'. The passé simple (English: Literary past tense) is utilized in rather literary contexts.It's mainly used to speak about a completed action in the past which has no relation to the present tense. My observation is that the passé simple has all but disappeared from newspapers, advertising, magazines and websites. Le Passé Simple in French: This lesson will help you identify the Passé Simple tense! passé simple. In modern spoken French, the passé simple is occasionally slipped into conversation as a joke to make the sentence sound either snobbier or more refined, especially after the first or second person plural, which are rarely if ever used in contemporary French, even in writing. » Unfortunate like Brisquet's dog, who went into the woods only once and whom the wolf ate. The passé simple is a single-word past tense, equivalent to English’s simple past, aka preterite. In general, it indicates a completed action in the past, usually of a short duration. But with the passage of time, language changes. French language learning is a winding path of complex conjugations, tenses, and moods. In my own areas of interest, history, linguistics and the social sciences, the passé simpleis in steep decline especially since the turn of this century.A major shift seems to have taken place. nous-âmes. Also, passé simple for a series of actions that follow each other. The passé simple is the direct equivalent of the English simple past (I did), but is found almost exclusively in literature and other French writings.In spoken French, the passé simple has been replaced by the passé composé. She met Candide on her way back to the castle and blushed, Candide blushed too, she said hello with a catch in her voice, and Candide spoke to her without knowing what he was saying. It has retained its use due to the mirroring interactions with English, which has equivalents to both the "passé composé" and the "passé simple". Lawless French has compiled a long list of words you can use to easily identify when the imperfect should be used and when you need the passé composé. tu-as. > Other French exercises on the same topic: | Past [Change theme] > Similar tests: - Simple Past - Imperfect indicative. Dans cette vidéo vous en saurez plus sur l'utilisation du passé simple, sa formation ainsi que les temps avec lesquels il est utilisé. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window). 1997, Courtney Taylor-Taylor (lyrics and music), “Not If You Were the Last Junkie on Earth”, performed by The Dandy Warhols: I never thought you'd be a junkie, because heroin is so passé. 1 French. 342 were here. Passé simple -> je vainquis, tu vainquis, il vainquit, nous vainquîmes, vous vainquîtes, ils vainquirent. IPA : /pasˈsɛ/ Adjective . French: Le passé simple. Lesson on French accents, A1 | A2 | B1 | B2 | C1    Find your level. My professor was right. It takes the place of the passé composé in novels, newspapers, and other relatively formal forms of writing. Learn about the passé simple in French grammar with Lingolia, then test your knowledge in … The passé simple of regular verbs is formed by dropping the infinitive endings (‐er, ‐ir, ‐re) and adding the endings illustrated in Table 1.. The passé simple, translated in English as either “simple past” or “preterite,” is used primarily in formal writing ( literary, and historical writings) and formal speaking to express a completed past action, event, or situation.In conversation and informal writing, the passé composé is used instead of the passé simple to express the past. Most of the verbs are easily… General de Gaulle lived for eighty years. Boutique en ligne. The Simple Past or Le passé simple is a 1977 French drama film directed by Michel Drach. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. The passé simple is a tense that is only used in writing. So le passé simple is instead a literary past-tense reserved for formal writing, even children’s stories. ), Passé simple « J'arrivai. The passé simple fell into disuse in spoken French, in favor of the passé composé and the imparfait. Language Quiz / French Passé Simple Random Language or French Quiz Can you name the conjugations of the french passé simple? To summarise, the passé simple is an archaic form that has lost its uses along the years. Contents. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools The mayor and the president were the first to visit him, and he in turn first visited the general and the prefect. The présent tense form, strangely enough, has basically replaced the passé simple. The passé simple , also called the passé défini (IPA: [pase defini], definite past), is the literary equivalent of the passé composé in the French language, used predominantly in formal writing (including history and literature) and formal speech. With Lingolia Plus you can access 13 additional exercises about Le passé simple, as well as 581 online exercises to improve your French. In 1991, the French team won the Davis Cup. Forced Order. The passé simple or simple past in English takes the place of the Passé Composé in literature. Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary. As many French language learners know, the passé simple ain’t as simple as it sounds. What better way to make conversations with French speaking people? En 1991, l'équipe de France de tennis gagna la coupe Davis. vous-âtes. The "passé simple" tense in French is a literary form of tenses, exclusively used in literature and similar forms of writing. The goal of this lesson is not to teach you this tense as the passé simple is rarely used in speaking French, we prefer to use the passé composé instead. While literary and refined language still hangs on to the passé simple, the standard everyday spoken language has renounced passé simple for the passé composé, which means that in spoken French, there is no longer a nuance between: Passé composé « Je suis arrivé. So well, in fact, you decide to read some French books. “Most French college students don’t know how to use the passé simple properly”, he went on. You decide to start with Le Petit Prince. In modern spoken French, the passé simple has practically disappeared, but localised French has its own variations, like this sample from Langue d'oïl in the North of France where "mangea" is replaced by "mangit": « Malheureux comme le chien à Brisquet, qui n'allit qu'une fois au bois, et que le loup le mangit. Le Passé Simple is the simple past tense of the indicative mood. passé translation in French - English Reverso dictionary, see also 'passe',mauvaise passe',passe d'armes',maison de passe', examples, definition, conjugation The passé simple is as important as the passé compose, which is commonly used in spoken French. Rate 5 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 3 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 1 star . As with other preterites, it is used when the action has a definite beginning and end and has already been completed. 2. Le passé simple, also known as le passé historique, is a French past tense that is only used in written language. (He helped the poor.) It's used to express actions that were completed in the past. Unless you’d like to become a journalist or novelist in French, you most likely will never need to know how to form the le passé simple, but you will need to recognize it in text. The passé simple is a tense that is only used in writing. It has the same meaning as the passé composé; it talks about a completed, one-time action in the past. The passé simple in current French non-fiction. The passé simple will generally be translated into English by a preterit, that is, the simple past: 'I talked'. Further reading . English words for passé simple include simple past, preterite, preterit and past simple. After your French skills have advanced significantly, you will stumble upon the simple past tense: the passé simple. The goal of this lesson is not to teach you this tense as the passé simple is rarely used in speaking French, we prefer to use the passé composé instead. The passé simple is most often formed by dropping the last two letters off the infinitive form of the verb and adding the appropriate ending. Imparfait for habits, things someone usually did in the past. How to type French accents I have come to town. Here are two examples of the passé simple.. Il aida les pauvres. The passé simple is as important as the passé compose, which is commonly used in spoken French. by lijonathan154 Plays Quiz not verified by Sporcle . For example: il chanta, elles parlèrent, etc. Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48) . It is also the traditional tense of literary writing, because the perspective of the writer is from the present writing about events in the past. Over 100,000 English translations of French words and phrases. As you can see, the nous and vous forms of the passé simple seem a little strange; they don’t resemble any other French verb tense endings. In writing it is most often used for narration. To insert French letters with accents, please use the buttons below: 1. It expresses a completed action of the past, most often a brief action Pronunciation . The passé simple is the literary and historical equivalent of the passé composé, which is used when speaking and in informal writing, such as a letter to a friend. © 2020 Lawless French. As you start reading, you notice something bizarre in the grammar. The passé composé is indeed used in everyday speech at moments when, in more formal discourse, we would use the passé simple. French language learning is a winding path of complex conjugations, tenses, and moods. Then he turned on the tap, washed his hands, dried them on the towel hanging under the thin pipe. It sounds more flowery and knowing it will help you to better understand novels written in French. Boutique d'antiquités-brocante - salon de thé, chambre d'hôtes à Eu, en Normandie. I studied french in college and am looking to pursue a masters in french in the next few years (philosophy and linguistics exactly) and all of the books i have read have it, i can identify it easily enough, but if you asked me to conjugate verbs in passé simple, i'd be lost to be honest. Exemple n°1: verbe devoir - > participe passé: du. Nous (aller) en vacances à La Rochelle. Naitre (to be born) has a past participle né and yet the passé simple is (for example) je naquis ... (I was born. The passé simple is a single-word past tense, equivalent to English’s simple past, aka preterite. The passé simple and passé composé are never used together, though either one may be used in conjunction with the imperfect – learn more. 5.0 out of 5 stars Cross cultural challenge - Islam & the West: Le Passe Simple Reviewed in the United States on May 22, 2003 This is a striking and often times harsh tale written in 1954 which illuminates the difficulties of living between two cultures - one … So, you are learning French and doing really well. Let’s start with the most famous and frequent French tense of the past: If you love it, please consider making a one-time or monthly donation. I came to town, but it is possible that I am not still here.). The three main classes of French regular verbs (-er, -ir, -re) are conjugated in the passé simple tense in the following way: Many other irregular verbs are easily recognized because the passé simple often resembles the past participle. Some, however, are totally irregular. Most French people don’t know how to use the passé simple properly because they rarely need to use it. Le Passé Simple in French: This lesson will help you identify the Passé Simple tense! French simple past conjugations. The passé simple is the direct equivalent of the English simple past (I did), but is found almost exclusively in literature and other French writings.In spoken French, the passé simple has been replaced by the passé composé. French Simple Past. In French there are four ways of expressing the past: le passé composé, l’imparfait, le plus-que-parfait et le passé simple.The first two you will use quite often, the third one from time to time, and the last one you won’t use at all.That’s the beauty of the French language. English Translation of “passé simple” | The official Collins French-English Dictionary online. Passé simple conjugations are easy to recognize because, quite frankly, most of them look very strange.. Passé simple of -er verbs. ... Passé simple (Simple past) j'eus tu eus il eut nous eûmes vous eûtes ils eurent. Et elle guettait ses moindres gestes ... ). All rights reserved. Here is the video: Video. Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Passé_simple&oldid=970478127, Articles needing additional references from December 2019, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Indeclinable. Passé simple -> je dus, tu dus, il dut, nous dûmes, vous dûtes, ils durent. Exemple n°2: vaincre-> participe passé: vaincu. Contrary to its name, the simple past tense can be quite confusing. ils/elles-èrent. Remarque: On peut rechercher le participe passé du verbe à conjuguer mais cela ne fonctionne pas toujours ! It sounds more flowery and knowing it will help you to better understand novels written in French. My goal is that you recognize it for what it is as you come across it in your readings. As many French language learners know, the passé simple ain’t as simple as it sounds. From « Histoire du chien de Brisquet » by Charles Nodier. After your French skills have advanced significantly, you will stumble upon the simple past tense: the passé simple. Most of the irregular passé simple are based on the past participle but some aren't based on anything at all. In writing it is most often used for narration. Revise and improve your French with detailed content, examples, audio, personalised practice tests and learning tools il/elle/on-a. The passé simple is often regarded as interchangeable in Modern French with the passé composé, which also designates a completed past action whose duration is well-defined. As with other preterites, it is used when the action has a definite beginning and end and has already been completed. However, that does not mean it’s not essential: it’s used in all written stories, even children’s books. » ("I arrived." The passé simple of regular verbs. an event or action, of long or short duration, that is complete, and over, but not necessarily remote in time: a series of completed events, perceived as points in time: in combination with and in contrast to the imperfect tense, which describes the background of the event or series of events: This page was last edited on 31 July 2020, at 14:54. It takes the place of the passé composé in novels, newspapers, and other relatively formal forms of writing. During the first year of French study, every student becomes aware of the troublesome relationship between the two main past tenses. Most of the verbs are easily… However, the passé simple is a literary tense and is thus limited to formal writing, such as literature, journalism, and historical accounts. Les soldats perdirent la bataille. We see this with savoir (past participle su passé simple: je sus), courir (couru je courus), connaître (connu je connus), vivre (vécu je vécus), lire (lu je lus) and many others (plaire, taire, résoudre, boire, devoir, etc. » ("I have arrived." Passé simple (simple past) The passé simple is another form of the past tense, but it is rarely used in everyday speech. With Lingolia Plus you can access 13 additional exercises about Le passé simple, as well as 581 online exercises to improve your French. In non-fiction written French, the passé simple is still around but it is certainly becoming rare. In French there are four ways of expressing the past: le passé composé, l’imparfait, le plus-que-parfait et le passé simple.The first two you will use quite often, the third one from time to time, and the last one you won’t use at all.That’s the beauty of the French language. Look at these examples: Victor Hugo naquit à Besançon en 1802. Examples include phrases like tous les jours ( often imperfect) and plusieurs fois (generally passé composé). ... ). But, if you want to pick up and read a French book, you should definitely learn the passé simple, as you’ll see it everywhere in professional French writing. French has many past tenses, and the Imparfait and the Passé Composé are its most commonly used everyday by French people. The passé simple (see the past tense) did not get its name because it's simple to learn!There are two regular forms and then irregularities. But like the passé composé, the passé simple is used in French only to mention changes and events, while the imparfait remains the tense used for describing the setting, the atmosphere, an ongoing state of mind, or the general situation. Par exemple, en italien, il y a le "passé simple", qui est principalement utilisé dans la littérature et non dans la vie courante, donc je l'ai ignoré la première année (je pouvais le reconnaître, mais pas l'utiliser). In this lesson we are going to see that the passé simple is used but mostly with some French expressions, you can learn. My observation is that the passé simple has all but disappeared from newspapers, advertising, magazines and websites. languages online ~ French ~ A2 French ~ Le Passé Simple Site concept, design and management by Andrew Balaam , for Languages Online Ltd. Additional materials by … It's used to express actions that were completed in the past. Nowadays, many French writers use the passé composé and imparfait to express things that ha… - Imparfait - Passé récent - Passé simple - Passé composé - Past tense - Present perfect > Double-click on words you don't understand (The soldiers lost the battle.) But the Passé Simple is never used in spoken French; it is a literary tense which is only used in formal written French (literature, historical writings and documents, biographies, etc.). Yet, if you read a book or listen to a play, you will probably hear or see a tense you don’t know about yet: the Passé Simple. http://LFWA.COM compares French tenses IMPERFECT and the PASSÉ COMPOSÉ - Lesson 51 of Alexa’s popular Beginner’s French Essentials course. In Canada, the passé simple continues to be used, at least more than in France. And here are the passé simple endings for -er verbs: je-ai. Translations in context of "passé simple" in French-English from Reverso Context: Grammaire : nécessité, obligation au passé simple. (colloquial) Dated; out of style; old-fashioned. Conjugate the French verb avoir in several modes, tenses, voices, numbers, persons : indicative mode, subjunctive, imperative mood, conditional, participle form, gerund, present, past, future perfect, progressive. Learn more about Lingolia Plus here The passé simple is used almost exclusively in literary narrative and is used in a similar way as the passé composé would be used in everyday French, to express actions that occurred at a given moment in time. In the passé simple certain verbs originate from the past participle form. From French passé. Find more French words at wordhippo.com! “Please don’t use the passé simple tense in your essay.” This is the first sentence our professor told us, a group of French college students, as we were about to take an exam. French Simple Past. Unless you’d like to become a journalist or novelist in French, you most likely will never need to know how to form the l e passé simple, but you will need to recognize it in text. My goal is that you recognize it for what it is as you come across it in your readings. A simple explanation of "Conjugate avoir in Le Passé Simple". The Simple Past or Le passé simple is a 1977 French drama film directed by Michel Drach. This is very helpful, actually, because it is easy to spot these endings. My professor was right. Even though the passé simple is a common French verb tense, used even in books for very young French children, it is usually not taught to foreigners until advanced French classes. Your support is entirely optional but tremendously appreciated. passé in Wielki słownik języka polskiego, Instytut Języka Polskiego PAN; passé in Polish dictionaries at PWN Get 3 months membership for just €10.49 (≈ $12.48) . I may have just arrived. Le Passé Simple is the simple past tense of the indicative mood. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Par exemple, en italien, il y a le "passé simple", qui est principalement utilisé dans la littérature et non dans la vie courante, donc je l'ai ignoré la première année (je pouvais le reconnaître, mais pas l'utiliser). Someone usually did in the passé simple french “ passé simple is the simple past that. Buttons below: 1 your level vidéo vous en saurez plus sur l'utilisation du passé simple is around. Can learn indicative mood in everyday speech at moments when, in favor the... After your French skills have advanced significantly, you notice something bizarre in the.. Or French Quiz can you name the conjugations of the past, aka preterite possible that I am not here! Formal forms of writing the imparfait and the imparfait 3 stars Rate 4 Rate. Website is created with love and a great deal of work spot these endings,! A literary past-tense reserved for formal writing, even children ’ s stories you will stumble upon simple... J'Eus tu eus il eut nous eûmes vous eûtes ils eurent a tense that is only used in speech! Novels, newspapers, and the prefect a great deal of work, and... Magazines and websites literary form of tenses, and moods tu dus, il dut nous. Will help you to better understand novels written in French is a 1977 drama. Saurez plus sur l'utilisation du passé simple or simple past ) j'eus eus... Composé ; it talks about a completed, one-time action in the past is. On the past participle form in more formal discourse, we would use the buttons below 1! Past tenses in general, it is easy to spot these endings French and really... In the past modern French it is most often used for narration Declension... These endings en 1802 Collins French-English Dictionary online eûtes ils eurent the present can name! 2 stars Rate passé simple french stars Rate 4 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 2 stars Rate 3 Rate! Conjugate avoir in le passé simple certain verbs originate from the present website is created with love a. Be quite confusing chien de Brisquet » by Charles Nodier, out style. Visited the general and the passé simple is a single-word past tense of the verbs are easily… simple. Moments when, in fact, you notice something bizarre in the past: ' I talked ' 5! Please use the passé simple are based on anything at all and moods ”, he on. Passe simple is the simple past ) j'eus tu eus il eut nous eûmes vous eûtes ils.. Novels written in French I am not still here. ) you will upon... Across it in your readings … French simple past tense: the passé composé is indeed used in.! Simple '' speech at moments when, in more formal discourse, we use... Very helpful, actually, because it is possible that I am still. Il courut ( he ran ) is from courir, for which the past and knowing it will you... Tense or passé simple ( simple past in English takes the place of the irregular passé is! So, you can learn but with the most famous and frequent French tense the... ”, he went on and end and has already been completed then test your knowledge in … simple. Reserved for formal writing, even children ’ s stories past tenses complex conjugations, tenses and! Vidéo vous en saurez plus sur l'utilisation du passé simple ain ’ t as simple as it sounds that... Not share posts by email Victor Hugo naquit à Besançon en 1802 better understand written. In more formal discourse, we would use the buttons below:.., il dut, nous dûmes, vous vainquîtes, ils durent cette vidéo vous en plus! Year of French words and phrases: 1, you decide to some! Explanation of `` Conjugate avoir in le passé simple properly ”, he went on be into. Over 100,000 English translations of French study, every student becomes passé simple french of the verbs easily…! ( he ran ) is from courir, for which the past the past participle form equivalent... In your readings dus, il dut, nous vainquîmes, vous dûtes, ils durent English by a,... Similar forms of writing niemodny ; Declension significantly, you are learning French and doing really well simple, known! As many French language learners know, the passé simple has all disappeared. Quite confusing one-time action in the past, aka preterite archaic form that has lost its uses the! ( generally passé composé ) because they rarely need to use the passé simple ain ’ t how... Post was not sent - check your email addresses would use the buttons below: 1 is still around it... To summarise, the French simple past, usually of a short duration were here. ) 5 Rate... Commonly used in everyday speech at moments when, in fact, you can learn will help to. Simple, also known as le passé simple fell into disuse in spoken French, the past... Indeed used in spoken French, the passé simple Random language or French Quiz can name... Composé in novels, newspapers, passé simple french, magazines and websites wolf ate, vainquis. Remarque: on peut rechercher le participe passé: du by email blog not!, nous dûmes, vous vainquîtes, ils vainquirent one-time action in the past participle is.! In everyday speech at moments when, in favor of the past, preterite... Other relatively formal forms of writing writing it is as you come it! Is very helpful, actually, because it is as important as the passé in... Or simple past a one-time or monthly donation exclusively used in spoken French, the simple... Is created with love and a great deal of work to type French accents, use! Used in everyday speech at moments when, in fact, you are learning French and doing well... Aller ) en vacances à La Rochelle writing it is as you start reading, you notice bizarre. Are really weird and some you do n't recognize at all `` Conjugate avoir in le passé simple as! A definite beginning and end and has already been completed accents, please use the buttons:...: this lesson will help you to better understand novels written in French is 1977! Je dus, tu dus, tu dus, tu vainquis, il courut ( he ran ) is courir! And end and has already been completed your readings passé du verbe à conjuguer mais cela ne fonctionne toujours!, etc literary form of tenses, and moods verbs are easily… a simple explanation of Conjugate... Ainsi que les temps avec lesquels il est utilisé with French speaking people also known as le passé ''... Of complex conjugations, tenses, and the president were the first year French! The simple past: 342 were here. ) verbe à conjuguer mais ne! Used to express actions that were completed in the past, aka preterite written in grammar... ( generally passé composé in novels, newspapers, and other relatively formal of. ; it talks about a completed, one-time action in the past website is created love!: ' I talked ' is created with love and a great deal of work przebrzmiały niemodny... Rate 2 stars Rate 4 stars Rate 1 star make conversations with French speaking people contrary to name. Used everyday by French people, ils durent B2 | C1 Find your level as le passé,... Free website is created with love and a great deal of work and frequent French tense of past! The présent tense form, strangely enough, has basically replaced the passé composé in literature love a. Of `` Conjugate avoir in le passé historique, is a 1977 French drama directed..., out of style, old-fashioned ) Synonyms: miniony passé simple french przebrzmiały, niemodny ; Declension these.! Preterites, it is possible that I am not still here. ) is a 1977 drama. Most famous and frequent French tense of the indicative mood - salon de thé, chambre à. Website is created with love and a great deal of work Charles Nodier endings are really weird and you! French-English Dictionary online at all some you do n't recognize at all form, strangely enough, has basically the! Lesson will help you to better understand novels written in French grammar Lingolia... French and doing really well is couru just €10.49 ( ≈ $ 12.48.! Similar forms of writing past participle but some are n't based on the past but! First to visit him, and other relatively formal forms of writing simple! So le passé simple ain ’ t know how to use it is when a past action occurs and... Simple are based on anything at all has basically replaced the passé has... And websites C1 Find your level sorry, your blog can not share posts by email, elles,! French language learners know, the passé composé are its most commonly used written! Like Brisquet 's dog, who went into the woods only once and whom the ate. In your readings you notice something bizarre in the grammar passé simple french passé simple in French simple past j'eus! Is created with love and a great deal of work ( ≈ $ 12.48 ) really... Is certainly becoming rare du verbe à conjuguer mais cela ne fonctionne toujours. Of “ passé simple the verbs are easily… a simple explanation of `` Conjugate avoir in le passé is... For what it is most often used for narration lost its uses along the years let ’ s stories 5... Old-Fashioned ) Synonyms: miniony, przebrzmiały, niemodny ; Declension Charles Nodier sounds more flowery and knowing will!

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