Kaminski, however, points out that all early drafts carry an "Episode One" subtitle, and that even early drafts of the sequel are called "Episode II.".  The film has also been compared to The Wizard of Oz. " In 2012, the Star Wars action figures were inducted into the National Toy Hall of Fame. Taylor also said, "I took it upon myself to experiment with photographing the lightsabers and other things onstage before we moved on to our two weeks of location work in Tunisia.  Actor Baker later confessed that he thought the film would be a failure. | Don Henderson and Leslie Schofield appear as Imperial Generals Cassio Tagge and Moradmin Bast, respectively, and Richard LeParmentier plays Admiral Motti. Stars: Most later printed novels were adapted into audio novels, usually released on cassette tape and re-released on CD . , Charles Lippincott was the marketing director for Star Wars. , Jympson's original assembly contained a large amount of footage which differed from the final cut of the film, including several alternate takes and a number of scenes which were subsequently deleted to improve the narrative pace. Worried that Star Wars would be beaten out by other summer films, such as Smokey and the Bandit, 20th Century-Fox moved the release date to May 25, the Wednesday before Memorial Day. Obi-Wan tells Luke of his days as one of the Jedi Knights, the former peacekeepers of the Galactic Republic who drew mystical abilities from a metaphysical energy field known as "the Force", but were ultimately hunted to near-extinction by the Empire. " Metacritic reports a weighted average score of 90 out of 100 based on 24 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim. Domhnall Gleeson, Votes: Spielberg, who said he was the only person in the audience to have enjoyed the film, believed that the lack of enthusiasm was due to the absence of finished special effects. " Barry said that the director "wants to make it look like it's shot on location on your average everyday Death Star or Mos Eisley Spaceport or local cantina." Lucas and producer Gary Kurtz presented the film treatment to Universal Pictures, the studio that financed American Graffiti; while they agreed it could be "a very commercial venture", they had doubts about Mr. Lucas' ability to pull it all off," and said that Lucas should follow American Graffiti with more consequential themes. Let me sit down and write this for you." Digital compositing technology allowed the restorers to correct for problems such as misalignment of mattes and "blue-spill.  Believing that the bleak tone of THX 1138 led to its poor reception, Lucas chose to make Star Wars more optimistic; this is what led to its fun and adventurous tone. And I said, 'Finally somebody's doing it the right way. Luke learns that his father fought alongside Obi-Wan as a Jedi Knight during the Clone Wars until Vader, Obi-Wan's former pupil, turned to the dark side of the Force and murdered him. He said that "they were all black and gray, with really no opportunities for lighting at all."  John Williams's soundtrack album won the Grammy Award for Best Album of Original Score for a Motion Picture or Television Program, and the film attained the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation. This would result in "a 'cut-out' system of panel lighting", with quartz lamps that could be placed in the holes in the walls, ceiling and floors. I discovered that he'd got his inspiration from the works of Edgar Rice Burroughs (author of Tarzan) and especially from his John Carter of Mars series books. The recording was produced by George Lucas and Alan Livingston, and was narrated by Roscoe Lee Browne.  The film remained the highest-grossing film of all time until E.T. Each of the subsequent films of the Star Wars saga has appeared on the magazine's cover. His idea was supported by the Fox studio, which agreed that "we couldn't have this 'black hole of Calcutta.'"  For four to five months, in a studio in Kensal Rise, England, they attempted to plan the creation of the props and sets with "no money."  The original theatrical versions of the films were not included in the box set. Eric Walker, ", There were also concerns regarding the project's potentially high budget. Harrison Ford, | Gross: When Disney first acquired Lucasfilm back in 2012, fans knew they'd be in for a swath of new Star Wars stories. However, in this draft, the father is a hero who is still alive at the start of the film.. Fox and Lucasfilm subsequently decided that they wanted to promote the new film with a less stylized and more realistic depiction of the lead characters. It immediately broke box office records, effectively becoming one of the first blockbuster films, and Fox accelerated plans to broaden its release.  Jay West of the Los Angeles Times said that the boxes in the campaign "became the most coveted empty box[es] in the history of retail.  Denis Lawson and Garrick Hagon played rebel pilots Wedge Antilles and Biggs Darklighter (Luke's childhood friend), respectively. Although Luke initially declines Obi-Wan's offer to accompany him to Alderaan and learn the ways of the Force, he is left with no choice after discovering that Imperial stormtroopers have killed his aunt and uncle and destroyed their farm in their search for the droids.  Additional nominations included Alec Guinness for Best Actor in a Supporting Role, which went to Jason Robards for Julia and George Lucas for Best Original Screenplay, Best Director, and Best Picture, which were instead awarded to Woody Allen's Annie Hall. Door opened, and George walked in with Gary behind him. The script became more of a fairy tale quest as opposed to the action/adventure of the previous versions. As a new threat to the galaxy rises, Rey, a desert scavenger, and Finn, an ex-stormtrooper, must join Han Solo and Chewbacca to search for the one hope of restoring peace. Ten years after initially meeting, Anakin Skywalker shares a forbidden romance with Padmé Amidala, while Obi-Wan Kenobi investigates an assassination attempt on the senator and discovers a secret clone army crafted for the Jedi. , At the 35th Golden Globe Awards, the film was nominated for Best Motion Picture – Drama, Best Director, Best Supporting Actor (Alec Guinness), and it won the award for Best Score.  He said, "The crawl is such a hard thing because you have to be careful that you're not using too many words that people don't understand. Director: However, he eventually withdrew to work on the Vincente Minnelli-directed A Matter of Time (1976) instead, which "really annoy[ed]" Kurtz. On opening day I ... did a radio call-in show ... this caller, was really enthusiastic and talking about the movie in really deep detail. , After two and a half weeks of filming in Tunisia, production moved to Elstree Studios, near London. , Star Wars was originally slated for release on Christmas 1976; however, its production delays pushed the film's release to mid-1977. Approximately 400 mailboxes across the country were also designed to look like R2-D2.  Reynolds estimated this early cut contained "30-40%" different footage from the final cut, with most of the differences coming from extended cuts or alternate takes rather than deleted scenes. They had a conversation with Lucas on what he would like the film to appear like, with them creating the desired sets. Sound designer Ben Burtt had created a library of sounds that Lucas referred to as an "organic soundtrack." Now that Disney+ has debuted, the first six seasons of Star Wars: The Clone Wars are now available to stream on the service. | Browse our daily deals for even more savings!  Other locations included the sand dunes of the Tunisian desert near Nafta, where a scene featuring a giant skeleton of a creature lying in the background as R2-D2 and C-3PO make their way across the sands was filmed. Prior to 1977, 20th Century-Fox's greatest annual profits were $37 million, while in 1977, the company broke that record by posting a profit of $79 million. Darth Vader's breathing was achieved by Burtt breathing through the mask of a scuba regulator implanted with a microphone, which began the idea of Vader having been a burn-victim, which was not the case during production. Christian wanted the interior of the Falcon to look like that of a submarine. , A radio drama adaptation of the film was broadcast on the American National Public Radio network in 1981. Adventure, Family, Fantasy. Ewan McGregor, News reports of the film's popularity in America caused long lines to form at the two London theaters that first offered the film; it became available in 12 large cities in January 1978, and other London theaters in February. " Lucas felt hurt at the accusations.  Characters such as Darth Vader, Han Solo, and Yoda have become iconic, and all three were named in the top twenty of the British Film Institute's "Best Sci-Fi Characters of All-Time" list. Meanwhile, Luke struggles to help Darth Vader back from the dark side without falling into the Emperor's trap.  Adjusted for inflation, it had earned over $2.5 billion worldwide at 2011 prices, which saw it ranked as the third-highest-grossing film at the time, according to Guinness World Records. It began a new generation of special effects and high-energy motion pictures. It's the flotsam and jetsam from the period when I was twelve years old.  It replaced Jaws as the highest-earning film in North America just six months into release, eventually earning over $220 million during its initial theatrical run ($928 million in 2019 dollars). Where are the romance, the adventure, and the fun that used to be in practically every movie made? After the screening, the audience was silent, leading him to fear that the film would be unsuccessful. The Special Edition contains visual shots and scenes that were unachievable in the original release due to financial, technological, and time constraints; one such scene involves a meeting between Han Solo and Jabba the Hutt. After ILM used computer-generated effects for Steven Spielberg's 1993 film Jurassic Park, Lucas decided that digital technology had caught up to his "original vision" for Star Wars. It also featured scenes not seen in the final cut of the film, such as Luke Skywalker's observation of the space battle above Tatooine through binoculars, a skyhopper race, and Darth Vader's interrogation of Princess Leia. It was definitely my favorite of … " The title was changed when the film entered re-releases. | In 2013, Star Wars was dubbed into Navajo, making it the first major motion picture translated into a Native American language.  Heavily synthesised audio recordings of John Wayne from earlier films were used as the voice of the Imperial spy Garindan.. But George saw it differently, so we tried using nets and other diffusion. 96 min So I began researching and went right back and found where Alex Raymond (who had done the original Flash Gordon comic strips in newspapers) had got his idea from. Patty Jenkins has made history by becoming the first-ever female director to helm a "Star Wars" movie. Producer Gary Kurtz turned to the film poster artist Tom Chantrell, who was already well known for his prolific work for Hammer horror films, and commissioned a new version. Begun in the 1970s and ’80s and resuscitated at the turn of the 21st century, the series advanced the field of special effects and developed into a highly lucrative merchandising industry.  Moreover, a rare Tunisian rainstorm struck the country, which further disrupted filming. , Filmmakers who have said to have been influenced by Star Wars include James Cameron, J.J. Abrams, Damon Lindelof, Dean Devlin, Gareth Edwards, Roland Emmerich, John Lasseter, David Fincher, Peter Jackson, Joss Whedon, Christopher Nolan, Ridley Scott, John Singleton, and Kevin Smith. He would write four different screenplays for Star Wars, "searching for just the right ingredients, characters and storyline.  This version of the film was released by Disney on 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray box set on March 31, 2020.  He also claims to have read scholastic works like Joseph Campbell's The Hero with a Thousand Faces, James George Frazer's The Golden Bough, and even Bruno Bettelheim's The Uses of Enchantment. Siân Phillips, PG  Lucas called up for other cinematographers, and eventually chose Taylor, basing his choice on Taylor's cinematography for Dr. Strangelove and A Hard Day's Night (both 1964). Lucas also stated that the story evolved over time and that "There was never a script completed that had the entire story as it exists now [in 1983] ... As the stories unfolded, I would take certain ideas and save the… In passing, Uncle Owen and Aunt Beru are "moisture farmers"; in Dune, dew collectors are used by Fremen to "provide a small but reliable source of water.  Although Lucas declined to provide the Library with a workable copy of the original film upon request (instead offering the Special Edition), a viewable scan was made of the original copyright deposit print. 124 min Wicket the Ewok and his friends agree to help two shipwrecked human children, Mace and Cindel, on a quest to find their parents. Action, Adventure, Fantasy. 22 on its list of the "500 Greatest Movies of All Time"; in 2010, the film ranked among the "All-Time 100" list of the greatest films as chosen by Time magazine film critic Richard Schickel; the film was also placed on a similar list created by The New York Times, "The New York Times Guide to the Best 1,000 Movies Ever Made"; in 2012, the film was included in Sight & Sound's prestigious decennial critics poll "Critics' Top 250 Films", ranking at 171st on the list, and in their directors poll at 224th. 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